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翻译交流-中医行业英语翻译

来源:http://www.dplotrans.com/news158107.html    发布时间:2019/11/7 8:46:00

翻译交流-中医行业英语翻译


西周时的《诗经》,在诗中记载了益母草、枸杞子、青蒿等50多种中药,这是中国现存文献中早有关记载的书籍。《周礼》中则将医生分为食医、疾医、疡医、兽医。周代已经使用望、闻、问、切等诊病方法,以及药物、针灸、手术等治疗方法。根据《左传》记载,春秋时期晋国有医衍,秦国有医缓、医和,还有齐医、楚医等。这些都是当时的官医。战国时期的名医扁鹊就精通望诊和切诊,留下了许多精彩的案例。

The book Shi Jing(The Book of Songs), written in the western Zhou Dynasty and recording over 50 medicinal herbs including leonurus, the fruit of Chinese wolfberry and sweet wormwood,  is the earliest existing book about the medicines in China. Zhou Li(The Rites of Zhou) classified medical personnel into food doctors, internists, surgeons and veterinarians. The diagnosis methods like observation, auscultation and olfaction, inquiry and palpation and the therapeutic methods such as medicines, acupuncture and moxibustion and surgery were already used in Zhou Dynasty. According to the records of Zuo Zhuan (Chronicle of Zuo), in the Spring and Autumn Period, the doctor was called Yiyan in the State of Jin, Yihuan and Yihe in the state of Qin, as well as Qiyi(doctors in the State of Qi) and Chuyi(doctor in the State of Chu), all of which were the official doctors at that time. The famous doctor in the Warring State Period Bian Que was proficient in observation and palpation, and left behind many splendid cases.


唐代的孙思邈总结了前人的理论与经验,收集了5000多个,并采用辩证疗法,被人尊为“药王”。唐以后,中国医学理论和著作大量外传到高丽、日本、中亚、西亚等地。两宋时期,朝廷设立翰林医学院,医学分科接近完备,并且统一了中国针灸的穴位,出版了《图经》。此后,历代名医、医著辈出,中医逐渐形成多种学术流派,儿科,妇科,外科等专业化日趋成熟,对于药物的功效、炮制、配伍方面的认识也日趋完善。

By summing up the theories and experience of the predecessors, Sun Simiao in the Tang Dynasty, who was called “King of Medicine” collected more than 5000 prescriptions and adopted the treatment based on syndrome differentiation. After the Tang Dynasty, a lot of works and theories concerning TCM were introduced to Korea, Japan and countries and regions in Central Asia and Western Asia, etc. During the Song Dynasty, some valuable work for medical development was carried out by the court such as setting up the Imperial Medical Academy, dividing the medicine to systematical branches, unifying the position of the acupoint, and publishing the Tu Jing, (Illustrated Classics). During the following long period, famous doctors and medical classics came forth in large numbers, various academic schools formed, different specialties such as pediatrics, gynecology and surgery had been maturing gradually, and people’s understanding about the effect, preparation and compatibility of medicines had been improving.


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